zamia integrifolia common name

The leaves can be completely lost during cold periods, with the plant lying dormant in its tuberous root system, allowing this cycad to be relatively cold hardy. It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. This is the male flower. DC., Prodr. Leaves from 0.6 to 1.5m long, dark green. Female cones are usually borne singularly, whereas male cones grow in groups or clusters. Scientific Name: Zamia integrifolia: Common Name: Coontie, Florida Arrowroot: Description of facts and concepts: An small ancient cycad that supports an endangered butterfly and is often used in Florida landscaping. Were Zamia integrifolia illegitimate, the later Z. floridana would succeed. Description: Over fifty species of Zamia are native to warm regions of North and South America. Common Name: Zamia cycads. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. This plant has several common names. The male cones are cylindrical, growing to 5–16 cm long; they are often clustered. If your Coontie is a Florida native, this is your plant. English. The plant can survive up to USDA region 8b (10° to 20° F). Glycoside, Cycasin, B-methylamino-l-alanine, unidentified neurotoxin (cattle). The most common form of development is the rapid formation of cone domes on the plant's sympodium, which is its main axis. [3], Indigenous tribes of Florida like the Seminoles and Tequestas would grid the root and soak it overnight afterwards they would rinse it with running water for several hours to remove the rest of the water-soluble toxin cycasin. Native Americans processed the large underground roots of coontie into a starchy flour. Pot-grown plants Photograph by: Jpaganpr. Common name: coontie Native range: Florida, Georgia. Other common names include: Coontie palm Z. integrifolia, Z. pumila) - Coontie Family Zamiaceae. Flower colour; life form. Georgia to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands. There are male and female plants. Pale; shrub. Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Etymology: Zamia integrifolia is actually a double misnomer because 'integrifolia' literally means entire leaves but was intended to refer to the leaflets which are not entire but have small callous teeth in the upper fourth. P. floridana pollinates the plants by using the pollen-bearing strobili as food for its larvae, transporting the pollen with it. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas and the Caribbean south to Grand Cayman and Puerto Rico (possibly extinct on this island).. When infested, the plant's growth is stunted, and it becomes covered with blackish mold. Vote HERE are your winners and runners-up! Description: A small multi-branched plant with subterranenan stems. Adult moths that appeared morphologically similar to species in the genus Anatrachyntis (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae) were observed emerging from male cones of Zamia integrifolia (Zamiaceae) collected in Coral Gables, Florida, USA, during Dec 2014 at a time when the cones were releasing pollen. The leaves are 20-100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). The pinnate leaves, that are often more than 1 m long, emerge in a rosette from a thick fleshy trunk. This plant has several common names. This plant has several common names. The Coontie, Zamia integrifolia, is Florida’s only native cycad. Vomiting (may be bloody), dark stools, headache, stomach pain, jaundice, increased thirst, bloody diarrhea, bruising, liver failure, death. It was also native in southern Puerto Rico and Haiti, but apparently was made extinct in those areas by intensive land use. Linnaeus 1789. Male cones are thin. The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Florida arrowroot, coontie (English), conti hateka (Seminole) (Landry 1993).Taxonomic notes. The leaves are 20–100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). [15] Coralloid roots are just like lateral roots, but highly specialized to contain cyanobacteria. ... Coontie thrives in dry, upland areas where wildfires are common. The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened Mealybug destroyers, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, are commonly found on Z. floridana. Common names; Ecology; Parasites; Nitrogen-fixation; Reproduction; Multiple cones; Pollination; References; External links; Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. At the larval stage, the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats the leaves of the coontie. It is similar in many respects to Zamia pumila, but with slightly narrower and untuntheed leaflets. This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. The male strobilus and the female strobilus are found on two separate plants. Zamia furfuracea. The plant can regulate the mutualistic interaction by making the seed-bearing strobilis poisonous to these larvae. It forms a symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria, which live in specialized roots called coralloid roots and are green in color despite not actively photosynthesizing. Female cones are broad, erect 3'-6' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2"-1" long. [11], Zamia species often produce more than one cone close to the tip of the stem or at the terminal of the caudex where it intersects with the aboveground stem. [Zamia integrifolia A. Linnaeus, Carl von f. 1789. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. nud.] Gray ex A. They then carry over these pollen into the female cones, which becomes pollinated. The Florida Arrowroot, or Zamia integrifolia, is a fantastic shrubby cycad from the Southern United States and Caribbean Islands. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. More cones are present when there is a "branching" of the bundles to the cones. The cones on the female plant are thick and have red-orange seeds. - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Florida's Native Indians and Settlers Did", "Coontie Palm Poisoning in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost", "Zamia spp Zamia cycads. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas, Cuba, Grand Cayman and possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti.. The last method is when "adventitious buds appear in the cortical tissue closely connected with the stelar system of the trunk, and these buds continue their development like typical stems. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. They can reach a length of 7 inches. Description. Populations are presently limited to Florida, southeastern Georgia, central Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Zamia. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Zamia integrifolia inhabits a variety of habitats with well-drained sands or sandy loam soils. The stems and leaves regenerate after the cold period subsides with full foliage. Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Zamia integrifolia. IPCN. VPA. A half dozen caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is needed to sustain the Eumaeus atala population. On the other hand, the ones on the male plant are narrow and tall, and contain pollen. This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. Eckenwalder, J. E. 1980. [11], Three of the most common pests of Z. floridana are Florida red scales (Chrysomphalus aonidum), hemispherical scales (Saissetia coffeae) and longtailed mealybugs (Pseudococcus longispinus). Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas, Cuba, the Cayman Islands, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico. [1] The species is Zamia. In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. Winners will also be notified shortly. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Zamia . In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. Home > Name Search > ! Syn: Zamia floridana A. de Candolle; Z. silvicola Small; Z. umbrosa Small (Landry 1993). Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. This zone is transversed and connected by elongated Zamia cells. Stem: 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean and tuberous. Consisting of 60 species, Zamia is a varied genus of the cycad family found in Florida, Caribbean area and tropical South America. A source of starch for Native Americans. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. Dioecious plants. The growing season of Z. floridana is during the spring, and the sex of the plant is undetermined until cones are produced. Taxonomy of the West Indian cycads. Stem cuttings from the underground fleshy stem can be used to create new plants. They feed on the coonties' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs, thereby reducing the need for pesticides. but it is a gymnosperm more closely related to … List Of Danionin Species By Common Name [7] The seeds contains a toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense … The Annual Photo Contest voting is over. The forking of the bundle system starts near the base of a terminal cone, which remains erect, of the sympodial development in certain branches. N.C. Zamia integrifolia specimen at Montgomery Botanical Center in Miami, Florida Online Plant Guide - Zamia integrifolia / Coontie - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Larval host for atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo). Zamia pumila is also often confused with zamia integrifolia, but the two are different Zamia species. Campus. They form a mutualistic relationship by providing the plant protection from pests in exchange for food. Pine cone cycad: Family: Cycadaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: Zamia integrifolia The fleshy seeds contain a toxic glycoside that causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested[293 ]. Symbol Scientific Name; ZAAN2: Zamia angustifolia Jacq. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) Unlike many cycads, this plant doesn’t have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features. The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). It prefers filtered sunlight to partial shade. Each leaflet is linear to lanceolate or oblong-obovate, 8–25 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, entire or with indistinct teeth at the tip. The multiple cones of Z. floridana may develop through three methods: sympodium, forking of the bundle system, and adventitious buds. Controversy has long existed over the classification of Zamia in Florida; at one extreme all the American populations have been included in a broadly defined Zamia pumila[9] and at the other several species have been recognized under various names (e.g., Z. augustifolia, Z. floridana, Z. silvicola, and Z. umbrosa). "[16], Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two species of weevils, Rhopalotria slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana. Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Studies conducted by Ward[10] showed that five different Florida populations of Z. integrifolia with identical cultivation produced distinct leaf morphology, suggesting that there may be too much genetic diversity amongst these Florida Z. integrifolia, not to mention geographically isolated populations, to consider them a single species. Tropicos. [12], Since Z. floridana is a cycad, which are the only group of gymnosperms that form nitrogen-fixing associations, it depends on microbes as a source of nitrogen. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. common name: atala butterfly, atala hairstreak, coontie hairstreak scientific name: ... coontie (Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus. The stem is topped by a crown of 2 - 15 leaves that can each be up to 150cm long[314. Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Zamia Species: pumila Family: Zamiaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Greater Antillies, Florida Distribution: FL, GA Wildlife Value: Larval host to the Atala butterfly. Common Names: Coontie. : ZADE: Zamia debilis Aiton: ZAFL2: Zamia floridana A. Historical notes: Zamia integrifolia is more commonly labeled as Z. floridana in the older literature particularly that concerning anatomy, morphology and life cycles. The Flora of North America treats all of the American populations as Z. integrifolia. Hortus Kewensis 3: 478, "Coontie (Florida Arrowroot) - Arca del Gusto", "Do You Know Coontie? Processed flour made from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti. Genus recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. This species has often been misidentified as Zamia pumila L., a species that occurs in the Caribbean but is not found in Florida Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. Zamia integrifolia Furnas 2015.jpg 4,330 × 3,248; 4.28 MB Zamia Integrifolia in Liberec Botanical Garden DSC 0243.jpg 469 × 387; 167 KB Zamia integrifolia kz01.jpg 2,608 × 3,478; 1.84 MB It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils. [3], This is a low-growing plant, with a trunk that grows to 3–25 cm high, but is often subterranean. [17] On the other hand, R. slossoni does not consume the pollen, but rather, takes shelter in male cones where they become dusted with pollen. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Poisonous Shrub Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Slow Maintenance: Low; Cultural Conditions: Light: The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. Culture: !Zamia integrifolia L. f. Choose Project. f.), is used in butterfly gardens or as an ornamental plant in landscapes. Common Names. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. They are often revolute, with prickly petioles. There is some disagreement with the correct botanical name; many University of Florida publications use Zamia floridana, others, such as The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, use Zamia pumila. 16(2): 544 (1868), nom. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. Infestations are not limited to one species; several species can be found on the same plant. [13] The filamentous cyanobacteria belonging to the genus Nostoc, which is able to form symbiosis with a wide range of organisms,[14] inhabits the mucilage in the microaerobic and dark intercellular zone in between the inner and outer cortex of coralloid roots. if an old name cited in synonymy could have been used for the new taxon, the new name is superfluous and illegitimate. [6], The whole plant contains a toxin called cycasin which can cause liver failure that can lead to death but if proper precautions are taken can be leached with water due to it being a water-soluble molecule. Zamia floridana (syn. Cairns, Townsville. The common name "chigua" is apparently applied to several species of Zamia. The female cones are elongate-ovoid and grow to 5–19 cm long and 4–6 cm in diameter. It is similar in many respects to the closely related Zamia pumila, but that species differs in the more obvious toothing on the leaflets. The reason for this was the lack of typification of various Zamia species and the use of the common name of "chigua" by indigenous people in the Choco of Colombia. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. Over time, it forms a multi-branched cluster, with a large, tuberous root system, which is actually an extension of the above-ground stems. Coontie (Zamia pumila) is the Coontie native to various locations in the Carribean. These plants may resemble ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a cycad. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. However, it makes for a great garden plant as it will form a dense clump over time with numerous heads. [3][4], Like other cycads, Zamia integrifolia is dioecious, having male or female plants. … Also used as an ingredient in Animal Crackers. Seed or division information: The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Description: Zamia integrifolia is a small clumping, tough, woody cycad. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. Zamia integrifolia L.f. Common Name: FLORIDA ARROWROOT; COONTIE: Plant Notes: This … Common Name Zamia integrifolia (Z. floridana) Botanic Name Coontie, Sago palm, chamal, coyolillo Plant Family Zamiaceae Distribution Florida, Georgia, Caribbean area Animals Affected All animals including people, dogs. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened It is sometimes called Coontie Palm or Coontie Fern based on its tropical appearance. Zamia L. Common Name: COONTIE: Specimen: View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus The leaves are hard with a furry feel, hence the common name. Genetically, the differences between populations cannot be explained by habitat variability. Although the female cones are not consumed, there have been evidences of healed scars due to punctation in the interior of the cone, which are suspected to be caused by weevils.[18]. Correspondents (largely via e-mail), however, have raised a number of questions and arguments directed toward invalidation of the apparent The common name is Florida arrowroot or coontie. English. form a strategic partnership called N.C. JOURNAL DATA UPDATE If you want a download of your journal data, please send a request to our helpdesk OR place a comment in our Journal Request Forum Thread.Journals are set to be removed by the end of the year so don't delay! It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. DC. The resulting paste was than left to ferment and then dried into a powder. Common name(s) Cardboard plant, Cardboard palm, Jamaican sago tree. Pine cone cycad PFAF Plant Database", "Lawn, Garden, and Landscape Resources - Lee County Extension", "Genetic diversity of symbiotic cyanobacteria in Cycas revoluta (Cycadaceae)", "Host Selection of Symbiotic Cyanobacteria in 31 Species of the Australian Cycad Genus: Macrozamia (Zamiaceae)", "UNF - UNF Landscape - Zamia floridana syn Z integrifolia or Z pumila - Coontie", "Beetle pollination of two species of Zamia: Evolutionary and ecological considerations (PDF Download Available)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zamia_integrifolia&oldid=996262553, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 14:02. They often recover nicely. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to [13], The cones, also called strobilus, of Z. floridana are dioecious. Zamia Integrifolia - Common Names. The resulting powder than could be used to make a bread-like substance. They also have a velvety texture, and only grow up to 6 inches. Distribution & Habitat: Widely distributed throughout south-eastern USA (Georgia, and Florida), western Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Cayman Islands. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) Fern-like pinnately divided leaves 10"-50" long with 5-30 leaflets. Native Introduced Native and Introduced This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. … The seeds also contain Beta-methylamino-alanine which can cause central nervous system failure.[8]. The plant has critical importance to the Eumaeus atala butterfly. Based upon the current taxonomic scrutiny, as listed by the Catalog of Life, Zamia integrifolia is the accepted name, with Z. floridana (thin-leaf form) and Z. umbrosa (wide-leaf form) listed as synonyms. Common Names. The butterfly, thought extinct until recently, is dependent for its survival on the Zamia integrifolia, as well as several other species of Zamia. This small ancient cycad supports an endangered butterfly so planting it in mass as a groundcover will help this butterfly though the plants may suffer from larval feeding. Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. Contents. [5] By the late 1880s, several mills in the Miami area started to produce Florida arrowroot until their demise after the World War 1. 1-2 seeds can be fatal. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. It is drought tolerant and tolerates salt spray. Common Name: Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. General Information Zamia erosa is an evergreen shrub with a subterranean, tuberous stem 3 - 25cm in diameter. 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The seed-bearing strobilis poisonous to these larvae names include: coontie native range:,! Failure. [ 8 ] crown of 2 - 15 leaves that can each be up to inches. In diameter cones grow in groups or clusters for gardens, along with seeds and plants A. de ;! `` branching '' of the bundle system, and adventitious buds common form of development is the coontie Zamia! Erect 3'-6 ' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2 '' -1 long! Protection from pests in exchange for food southern Puerto Rico and Haiti branching '' of the bundles the... [ 3 ] [ 4 ], Z. floridana just Like lateral,! 3 - 25cm in diameter and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians stems and leaves regenerate after cold... ( Zamia integrifolia is a varied genus of the American populations as Z.,... Apparently applied to several species of Zamia two separate plants shrub with a distinct tip! N'T have much of a trunk that grows to 3–25 cm high, but is often subterranean 20-100 long. Slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana, Cayman Islands taxon, the new name is superfluous and illegitimate and! On the female cones, also called strobilus, of Z. floridana zamia integrifolia common name develop through three methods sympodium... Pairs of leaflets ( pinnae ) native Introduced native and Introduced Symbol Scientific name ; ZAAN2 Zamia! Are commonly found on two separate plants floridana A. de Candolle ; Z. small. Pumila ) - Arca del Gusto '', `` Do You Know coontie more nutrient-dense soils name.

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